While the modern nation can trace its origins back to 1747, the history of Afghanistan is far more ancient. It has long been an ancient focal point of the Silk Road and human migration connecting the Central Asian steppe and China with Iran and the Indian subcontinent. While many native people such as the Kushans, Samanids, Saffarids and Mughals have founded their empires here, the country has also been the target of numerous invasions. Its combination of geography and mix of peoples explains why Afghanistan is one of the most culturally rich and diverse places on Earth. Rich in local precious metals and minerals, it has a long history of producing high-quality arts and crafts. This book features views of the country's landscape, important monuments, and a range of ancient and modern objects. It places this rich and ancient seam of creativity in its broad historical context and offers a full appreciation of this remarkable country.